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The transition to a decarbonized economy is a major accelerator of growth and of technological advancement in the energy industry, as well as it generates a positive environmental, social and economic impact. At a social level, the reduction in jobs in certain industry segments will be offset by new opportunities for employment and for the requalification of both individuals and communities.

We fully support the principles of a just transition so that no one is left behind, even in the short term, and we are aware of the social impact of our climate strategy,which represents a broader commitment in line with the Group’s approach to respecting human rights throughout the value chain, as also set out in our Human Rights Policy.

In 2019, we signed the United Nations letter of commitment to a just transition and to creating decent, “green” jobs by:

  • promoting social dialogue with workers and their unions, respecting workers’ rights, encouraging social protection, and providing wage guarantees, in line with the standards of the International Labour Organization (ILO);
  • working with suppliers that respect these standards, while contributing to the social and economic development of the local communities most exposed to the transition from fossil fuels to renewables.

Our action plan for a just transition


At the heart of our strategy is the goal of helping to build a more fair and inclusive society throughout the whole value chain, while protecting the environment in which we live and creating future opportunities for the company and for our stakeholders, leaving no one behind.

We are committed to managing this transition by way of regular, robust dialogue with the unions in order to put into practice the principles of the just transition as they affect all those directly involved in the process, particularly by converting coal-fired plants and related sites.

Project Futur-e for the coal-fired plant in Andorra, Teruel (Spain)

Project Futur-e for the coal-fired plant in Andorra, Teruel (Spain)

The Futur-e initiative aims to promote an inclusive transition in the areas surrounding the thermal plants that are experiencing this energy transition in the countries most exposed. Launched in Italy in 2015, the project now includes more than 40 sites to be converted in Italy, Spain and Latin America and calls for the possibility to replace plants that produce thermal energy mainly with renewable or hybrid plants, while integrating new, complementary projects of sustainable investment that meet the needs of the community in which the facility is located.

The retraining of those who are directly affected by the energy transition is fundamental to support the local economies and market competitiveness and to be ready to create new opportunities for employment and requalification. We are committed to providing training programs for the workers involved in the decarbonization process, including:

  • upskilling/reskilling and reassignment of those who work at the coal-fired power plants;
  • voluntary early retirement plans;
  • training to acquire new skills and to support the generational mix and the sharing of knowledge
~ 55
of people who left coal-fired plants in 2021 have been redeployed and have attended upskilling and reskilling programs (110 hours per capita)
~ 90
Coal employees redeployed within the Enel Green Power and Thermal Generation perimeter
~ 10
Coal employees redeployed in other Enel business areas
In every country in which we operate, there are forms of support for certain segments of the population to help pay for the cost of electricity and gas, so as to enable equal access to energy, as well as a vast array of energy-efficient products that help to consume less energy and produce fewer emissions. For example, in order to promote social inclusion in Colombia, we have developed the credit card Codensa Easy Credit, a financial product for the most vulnerable segments of the population who cannot access credit through the traditional banking channels and designed for Enel customers in the city of Bogotá and in the Colombian department of Cundinamarca. By the end of 2021, more than 75,000 people had taken advantage of this initiative, of which over 50% was composed by women.

We promote engagement with the local communities in order to understand their needs related to the transition from thermal power generation to renewable energy and to increase awareness of issues related to climate change. 

In 2021, Enel’s contribution to the communities in which we operate totaled more than €91 million, €5 million of which in in-kind giving.

Enel has launched a variety of projects to make our supply chain increasingly resilient. In Italy, we launched the Supplier Development Program. By signing agreements with the primary players, we ensure favorable conditions as compared to those of the market and include a contribution to cover a portion of the services provided within the scope of the program, including financial instruments that can facilitate access to liquidity and technical and management training programs to help in business conversion.

In 2021 in Italy, our Group also applied the social clause beyond the legal requirements, which thus enabled more than 1,900 workers to keep their jobs despite a change in the tender.

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