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Reduction of emissions
2021
2024
Δ 24-21
Value created/GHG emissions(€/tCO2)
238
379
+59.2%
Specific CO2 emissions Scope 1 (gCO2/kWh)
227
140
-38.0%
Reduction of specific SO2 emissions (%)
-89
-93
- 4 p.p.
Reduction of specific NOx emissions (%)
-56
-65
-9 p.p.
Reduction of specific particulate matter emissions (%)
-98
-98

By 2024 we are committed to increasing the value created per unit of GHG emissions produced (+59.2% vs 2021) and expect to achieve a Scope 1 GHG emission intensity of 140 gCO2eq/kWh, 38% down from 2021.

In addition, in order to improve the air quality in the areas where we operate, we pay close attention to constantly reducing emissions of the main pollutants associated with thermal power generation: sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulates. By 2024, we expect a reduction in specific emissions of -93% for SO2 (vs 2017), -65% for NOx (vs 2017) and -98% for particulates (vs 2017).

We have made the commitment to move forward our net-zero trajectory by 10 years, from 2050 to 2040, for both direct and indirect emissions.

On the pathway to achieving this goal, for 2030, we have confirmed our targets to reduce Scope 1 emissions by 80% compared to 2017, in line with the 1.5°C scenario certified by the SBTi, and to reduce indirect emissions related to sales of electricity and natural gas to end users. Furthermore, our undertaking to protect the planet will lead to a progressive increase in the value created per unit of GHG emissions produced.

We estimate that by 2030 we will have achieved a reduction in specific emissions of -94% for SO2 (vs 2017), -70% for NOx (vs 2017) and -98% for particulates (vs 2017). The trend and targets for pollutant reduction are consistent as they are tied to the Group’s Strategic Plan and decarbonization objective.

Reduction targets for our primary emissions (vs. 2017 base year) 

-98
%
Particulates
-94
%
SO2
-70
%
NOx
Efficient use of resources
2021
2024
Δ 24-21
Reduction of specific water requirement (%)
-52
-55
-3 p.p.
Circularity (%)
62
77
+15 p.p.
The Group is committed to gradually reducing water requirement in all production processes as much as possible while promoting internal recirculation, with a particular focus on water-stressed areas.
-55
%
Reduction in specific water requirement compared to 2017 base year
We will be vigorously pursuing the goal of reducing our specific water requirements and expect to have achieved a 65% reduction by 2030 as compared to 2017.
We have set a goal for 2024 to improve circularity by 77% compared to 2015 in terms of the consumption of fuel and materials for the full lifecycle of our generation plants.
We are committed to reaching the target of 92% by 2030 compared to 2015.
62
%
2021
77
%
2024

Enel is aware of the need to strengthen efforts in response to the loss of biodiversity, and we are committed to achieving no net loss of biodiversity for new infrastructure by 2030. This will include a selection of projects in areas of great importance for biodiversity beginning in 2025. To achieve this goal, the Group will be working in line with the principles of the Mitigation Hierarchy in order to avoid, minimize and reclaim impacts on natural habitats or on flora and fauna at risk, either endemic or in a restricted area. Our Group is also committed to preserving woodlands and forests and will, in the event that deforestation cannot be avoided, take steps to reforest areas of equivalent value in line with the principle of no net deforestation. Enel will also not be building new infrastructure at UNESCO World Heritage Natural Sites.

1. In any event, Enel is committed to respecting the service obligation with the most appropriate and feasible solutions.

Production quality
2021
2024
Δ 24-21
Production of renewable energy (% of total)
51
67
+16 p.p.
The decarbonization of power generation must be supported by the gradual replacement of thermal power plants with new renewable capacity, and we expect to reach about 67% renewable energy generation by 2024.
We are committed to achieving approximately 80% of energy production from renewable sources by 2030.
Investment quality
2021
2024
Δ 24-21
Investments aligned with the SDGs (%)
85
>85
Investments aligned with SDGs (% of total)
93
94
+1 p.p.
Capital expenditure for 2022-2024 is expected to be 94% in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 85% aligned with the European taxonomy.
By 2030, we expect to have raised the share of our investments complying with the UN Sustainable Development Goals to 95%.

Our strategy aims to decarbonise and electrify our customers' consumption by creating value for all stakeholders.